Learning Objectives

  1. Apply the recommendations for the echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricle function to clinical practice;
  2. Explain the role of echo in the treatment of heart failure;
  3. Use strain imaging to assess cardiac function in various pathological states;
  4. Discover updated methodology to assess diastolic function using the recently updated ASE guidelines;
  5. Assess patients with valvular disorders using the new ACC/AHA guidelines for valvular heart disease;
  6. Recognize different echocardiographic methods to assess Right Ventricular structure function.
  7. Cite the strengths and weakness of these techniques including complementary technologies: CT and MRI;
  8. Discuss the clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension, its implications for the patient and how echo can help in assessing its severity and guide management of patients with the condition;
  9. Evaluate how 3D echo works and express limitations and potential applications as it relates to daily practice and patient management;
  10.  Assess the uses of echo contrast agents (imaging enhancing agents) and how to incorporate the use of the agents into a busy echo lab;
  11. Review of varying disease states that can be evaluated with stress echo;
  12. Evaluate the role of echo in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with aortic stenosis;
  13. Recognize the pathology and the basics of echocardiographic assessment of patients with common congenital heart lesions;
  14. Review the role of echo in surgical and percutaneous treatments of aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation;
  15. Review the role of echo in new percutaneous treatment of tricuspid regurgitation;
  16. Review the role of echo in guiding other percutaneous procedures such as left atrial appendage closure and alcohol septal ablations.