Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  1. Apply the recommendations for the echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricle function to clinical practice;

  2. Explain the role of echo in the treatment of heart failure;

  3. Use strain imaging to assess cardiac function in various pathological states;

  4. Discover updated methodology to assess diastolic function using the recently updated ASE guidelines;

  5. Assess patients with valvular disorders using the new ACC/AHA guidelines for valvular heart disease;

  6. Recognize different echocardiographic methods to assess Right Ventricular structure function. Cite the strengths and weakness of these techniques including complementary technologies: CT and MRI;

  7. Discuss the clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension, its implications for the patient and how echo can help in assessing its severity and guide management of patients with the condition;

  8. Evaluate how 3D echo works and express limitations and potential applications as it relates to daily practice and patient management;

  9. Assess the uses of echo contrast agents (imaging enhancing agents) and how to incorporate the use of the agents into a busy echo lab;

  10. Review of varying disease states that can be evaluated with stress echo;

  11. Evaluate the role of echo in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with aortic stenosis;

  12. Recognize the pathology and the basics of echocardiographic assessment of patients with common congenital heart lesions;

  13. Review the role of echo in surgical and percutaneous treatments of aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation;

  14. Review the role of echo in new percutaneous treatment of tricuspid regurgitation; and

  15. Review the role of echo in guiding other percutaneous procedures such as left atrial appendage closure and alcohol septal ablations.